Check out Chris Rabideau’s post to learn about education technology & distance learning in the 1980s.
As I think back, the 1990s were not all about Tamagotchis, platform shoes, and ying yangs. The ’90s were a time period where great strides in education and technology were made. Before the ’90s, distance learning occurred via mail, radio, and television. Everything changed when the internet became available to the public in 1991. With the rise of the internet, technology also rose by making computers and laptops more available and affordable to consumers. The following events emerged as the internet and technology grew rapidly:
- 1994 – CALCampus offered real time instruction and interaction over the internet (Hickey). Before the internet, the student (distance learner) and the teacher were never connected virtually. All correspondence took place via telephone or mail.
- 1997 – The Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks (JALN) was created as “a peer-reviewed journal that provided a dedicated space for academic research focused solely on online education” (Hickey). JALN is still around today but under the name of Online Learning. The journal accepts professional papers around the topics of online education.
- 1999 – Jones International University (JIU), even though opened in 1993, became the first accredited online university in 1999. JIU provided students with degrees for 22 years. It recently shut down operations due to low enrollment in 2015.
The terms distance education and education technology are very closely related. There is a positive correlation between technology and distance learning. As technology made leaps and bounds improvements in the ’90s, the number of students enrolled in online courses also skyrocketed. Think about how many courses are offered online today. Students no longer have to be in classrooms to earn a degree.
Want to know how education technology and distance learning emerged in the 21st century, check out Jennifer Owen’s post.
Bryant, M. (2011, August 06). 20 years ago today, the World Wide Web was born – TNW Insider. Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://thenextweb.com/insider/2011/08/06/20-years-ago-today-the-world-wide-web-opened-to-the-public/#gref
Hickey, R. (2014, December 04). The history of online education. Retrieved September 10, 2016, from https://www.petersons.com/college-search/online-education-history.aspx